Residency training in Fontcalent Prison Psychiatric Hospital

REPLY TO THE LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Residency training in Fontcalent Prison Psychiatric Hospital

 

After having carefully read this letter to the Editor from a young (like me) specialist in Psychiatry I cannot but welcome her words, and resume her request for the so necessary regulated training in our specialty. Order SCO/216/2008 as of September 1st, which approved and published the Psychiatry Training program1, defined Legal and Forensic Psychiatry as part of the Transversal Training Area, in the last year of residency as a B option; this means without considering that all Psychiatry residents should receive this specific training. The following Table depicts the distribution of training throughout Psychiatry residency programs:

The fact that specific training on Legal and Forensic Psychiatry is limited to the last year of residency programs implies, as it has been previously mentioned, that not all residents will be trained in this field, since they must choose between two different paths the last year and during the first three training on legal aspects is not provided.

It seems that we all agree on the need for specific training on ethical and legal aspects, not only for the development of clinical psychiatry in especially sensitive settings such as correctional facilities or Prison Psychiatric Hospitals but also in everyday clinical practice. Often we face clinical approaches which entail medical-legal issues such as providing clinical records for the renewal of driving or arms licenses, attending court as witnesses or experts in both civil and criminal matters, as well as leading with involuntary hospitalization, habeas corpus, or proceedings for legal incapacitation due to mental health causes, where our reports are of paramount importance.

In view of the aforementioned, my impression is that each teaching Commission and/or Psychiatry Department is organizing this training according to the sensitivity of associate doctors or residents themselves.

In the Department where I work, one year long theoretical courses on Legal and Forensic Psychiatry are offered to all medical, psychology and nurseing residents every two years. Moreover, medical residents serve internships in the Prison Psychiatry Care Program in our hospital therefore becoming familiar with a relatively inconspicuous resource and reflecting on medical and legal aspects which are frequently found in everyday clinical practice in prisons. On the other hand, throughout recent tears the Institute of Legal Medicine in Castellon also offers optional, not compulsory, internships for our residents.

Therefore, in view of the pressing need for a comprehensive training of medical residents, I too welcome the call for extensive training in Legal and Forensic Psychiatry with a clear and defined path through the available resources within the care area of the future specialist or within other areas in case their original areas lack the so mentioned resources.

Francisco Arnau Peiró
Psychiatrist at the Half-Stay Unit
Hospital Provincial de Castellón (CHP).
Head of the Prison Psychiatry Care Program

 

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCE

1. ORDER SCO/2616/2008, as of September 1st, on the Psychiatry Training program. Available from: http://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt. php?id=BOEA-2008-15079

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